Lecture presented by Chumash elder Julie Tumamait-Stenslie and archaeologist John Foster. Asphaltum played an important role in many facets of Chumash culture and everyday life, including in their oral traditions. Julie will tell Native American stories and beliefs and the role they played in Chumash life. John will present an overview of the myriad types of artifacts and the many functions and uses where asphaltum played an important role just as it does in today’s modern culture. Julie has traced her Chumash ancestry through her father, a leader or paha among the Chumash until his death in 1992. Her family’s Chumash descendancy extends throughout Chumash historical homelands, from the villages of Hichimin, Lu’upsh and Swaxil on Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz Islands, to as far north as San Luis Obispo County, and as far south as Humaliwo (Malibu), and throughout Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties (including Mishopshno, or Carpinteria, and Matilija, here in the Ojai Valley). Julie’s family has been traced to at least 11 known Chumash villages, and as far back historically as the mid-18th Century, prior even to the Portolá Expedition of 1769 into Alta California.